Often confused with neighboring districts (Maria da Graça, Inhaúma, Todos os Santos, Cachambi, Pillars, Méier), Del Castilho is historically marked by the path of the Jesuits, an axis of integration established in colonial Brazil. Rio de Janeiro has grown through this area, from a Tupi discovered route and was improved by the Jesuits, when the population of the city was limited to the city center. The road became part of the gold route in the eighteenth century and then became more important with the arrival of the royal family to Brazil and the appreciation of the Santa Cruz farm.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the region predominantly rural up until then, was cut by the passage of the railroad, with 3 branches nearby (Dom Pedro II, Auxiliar and Leopoldina). Small administrative centers multiplied next to the houses, expanding the suburbs with the arrival of industrialization in the twentieth century. In the 20s, the establishment of Cia de Tecidos Nova América (a fabrics manufacturer) the occupation of the neighborhood was consolidated, first with workers' villages, then with popular housing. With the closing of the factories, the neighborhood witnessed an increase in poverty along with an escalation of violence. Currently, shopping malls act as community builders in the region. It is this soulful suburb that Rolé Carioca will embrace in Del Castilho.