On this edition the Rolé Carioca will make it’s way through a unique suburban neighborhood. Marechal Hermes has a Cultural Patrimony status and is, along Urca and Vila Isabel, one of the few planned living areas in Rio de Janeiro. Actually, it may be considered “the first federal intervention in Brazil’s housing development history”. The suburbs occupation began with the city’s growth during the 19th century when the ancient farms around Central do Brasil train station were bought and divided. Seizing the opportunity, the people evicted from the slum houses by both Barata Ribeiro and Pereira Passos administrations, established themselves in this area.
The construction of the then called Vila de Sapopemba was intended to solve the habitation demand by supplying a working class village endowed with infrastructure urban equipment. Launched in 1913, counting with the Republic president Hermes da Fonseca (1910 – 1914), the project was executed by the military engineer Palmyro Serra Pulcherio, also responsible for the constructions of the buildings and headquarters in Deodoro and Vila Militar.
Among the large and arboured streets, the new neighborhood was planned with 1350 edifices with all kinds of houses, hospitals and kindergartens. It stayed unfinished given the end of Fonseca government. The construction was brought to life again in 1930 during the Vargas Era, when the houses were finally appointed to the military village workers for the Union. The Village then received a modernist configuration: on the Cine Lux movie theater building and the flats that reduced construction costs and housing states as “Três de Outubro”.